Original Birth Certificates. Utah is a Restricted State. While an adopted person may request a copy of their own original birth record through participation in Utah’s adoption registry, release of the record depends upon the consent or death of listed birthparents. Information may also be redacted from the record if only one of two birthparents has consented to release or is dead. Other than the registry process, it takes a court order to obtain a copy of the OBC.
Court Records. Court records in Utah adoptions are sealed from inspection and are only made available by court order or through information released as part of Utah’s Mutual Consent Voluntary Adoption Registry.
Adoption Registry and Identifying Information. Utah maintains a Mutual Consent Voluntary Adoption Registry, which adoptees, birthparents, and birth siblings may use to facilitate disclosure of identifying information. Participation in the adoption registry is also required to request your own original birth certificate.
Descendant Rights. Utah law does not address any rights that the adopted person’s descendants, ancestors, or spouse may have to request the adopted person’s original birth record or identifying information, except through court order. Adult siblings of the adopted person may use the adoption registry to seek identifying information about the adopted person. Other relatives may be able to request and obtain specific nonidentifying information from the child-placing agency or entity that facilitated the adoption.
The original birth record of an adopted person becomes a public record 100 years after the person’s birth. Court adoption documents become public 100 years after the date of the adoption.
Adult Adoption. Utah law provides for the adoption of adults, though the process is somewhat complex and involves required notice to specific individuals, which may include the former legal parents. Consent of the adult adopted person is required as well as the consent of the person adopting and that person’s spouse. Notice to various individuals may be waived by the court.
Utah Law: Vital Records and Birth Certificates
Relevant parts of Utah vital records law. The entire Utah vital records statute is available here.
26-2-2. Definitions (Excerpt Only)
As used in this chapter:
(1) “Adoption document” means an adoption-related document filed with the office, a petition for adoption, a decree of adoption, an original birth certificate, or evidence submitted in support of a supplementary birth certificate.
26-2-6. Foundling certificates
(1) A foundling certificate shall be filed for each infant of unknown parentage found in the state. The certificate shall be prepared and filed with the local registrar of the district in which the infant was found by the person assuming custody.
(2) The certificate shall be filed within 10 days after the infant is found and is acceptable for all purposes in lieu of a certificate of birth.
26-2-10. Supplementary certificate of birth
(1) An individual born in this state may request the state registrar to register a supplementary birth certificate for the individual if:
(a) the individual is legally recognized as a child of the individual’s natural parents when the individual’s natural parents are subsequently married;
(b) the individual’s parentage has been determined by a state court of the United States or a Canadian provincial court with jurisdiction; or
(c) the individual has been legally adopted, as a child or as an adult, under the law of this state, any other state, or any province of Canada.
(2) The application for registration of a supplementary birth certificate may be made by:
(a) the individual requesting registration under Subsection (1) if the individual is of legal age;
(b) a legal representative; or
(c) any agency authorized to receive children for placement or adoption under the laws of this or any other state.
(3)(a) The state registrar shall require that an applicant submit identification and proof according to department rules.
(b) In the case of an adopted individual, that proof may be established by order of the court in which the adoption proceedings were held.
(4)(a) After the supplementary birth certificate is registered, any information disclosed from the record shall be from the supplementary birth certificate.
(b) Access to the original birth certificate and to the evidence submitted in support of the supplementary birth certificate are not open to inspection except upon the order of a Utah district court or as described in Section 78B-6-141 or Section 78B-6-144.
26-2-15. Petition for establishment of unregistered birth or death — Court procedure
(1) A person holding a direct, tangible, and legitimate interest as described in Subsection 26-2-22(3)(a) or (b) may petition for a court order establishing the fact, time, and place of a birth or death that is not registered or for which a certified copy of the registered birth or death certificate is not obtainable. The person shall verify the petition and file the petition in the Utah district court for the county where:
(a) the birth or death is alleged to have occurred;
(b) the person resides whose birth is to be established; or
(c) the decedent named in the petition resided at the date of death.
(2) In order for the court to have jurisdiction, the petition shall:
(a) allege the date, time, and place of the birth or death; and
(b) state either that no certificate of birth or death has been registered or that a copy of the registered certificate cannot be obtained.
(3) The court shall set a hearing for five to 10 days after the day on which the petition is filed.
(4)(a) If the time and place of birth or death are in question, the court shall hear available evidence and determine the time and place of the birth or death.
(b) If the time and place of birth or death are not in question, the court shall determine the time and place of birth or death to be those alleged in the petition.
(5) A court order under this section shall be made on a form prescribed and furnished by the department and is effective upon the filing of a certified copy of the order with the state registrar.
(6)(a) For purposes of this section, the birth certificate of an adopted alien child, as defined in Section 78B-6-108, is considered to be unobtainable if the child was born in a country that is not recognized by department rule as having an established vital records registration system.
(b) If the adopted child was born in a country recognized by department rule, but a person described in Subsection (1) is unable to obtain a certified copy of the birth certificate, the state registrar shall authorize the preparation of a birth certificate if the state registrar receives a written statement signed by the registrar of the child’s birth country stating a certified copy of the birth certificate is not available.
26-2-28. Birth certificate for foreign adoptees
Upon presentation of a court order of adoption and an order establishing the fact, time, and place of birth under Section 26-2-15, the department shall prepare a birth certificate for an individual who:
(1) was adopted under the laws of this state; and
(2) was at the time of adoption, as a child or as an adult, considered an alien child or adult for whom the court received documentary evidence of lawful admission under Section 78B-6-108.
Utah Law: Court Records and Information
Relevant parts of Utah adoption law related to court records and adoption documents. The entire Utah adoption statute is available here.
78B-6-103. Definitions (Relevant Portions)
As used in this part:
(1) “Adoptee” means a person who:
(a) is the subject of an adoption proceeding; or
(b) has been legally adopted.
(2) “Adoption” means the judicial act that:
(a) creates the relationship of parent and child where it did not previously exist; and
(b) except as provided in Subsections 78B-6-138(2) and (4), terminates the parental rights of any other person with respect to the child.
(3) “Adoption document” means an adoption-related document filed with the office, a petition for adoption, a decree of adoption, an original birth certificate, or evidence submitted in support of a supplementary birth certificate.
* * * *
(6) “Adult” means an individual who is 18 years of age or older.
(7) “Adult adoptee” means an adoptee who is 18 years of age or older and was adopted as a minor.
(8) “Adult sibling” means an adoptee’s brother or sister, who is 18 years of age or older and whose birth mother or father is the same as that of the adoptee.
(9) “Birth mother” means the biological mother of a child.
(10) “Birth parent” means:
(a) a birth mother;
(b) a man whose paternity of a child is established;
(c) a man who:
(i) has been identified as the father of a child by the child’s birth mother; and
(ii) has not denied paternity; or
(d) an unmarried biological father.
(21) “Office” means the Office of Vital Records and Statistics within the Department of Health operating under Title 26, Chapter 2, Utah Vital Statistics Act.
78B-6-141. Court hearings may be closed — Petition and documents sealed — Exceptions
(1) (a) Notwithstanding Section 80-4-106, court hearings in adoption cases may be closed to the public upon request of a party to the adoption petition and upon court approval.
(b) In a closed hearing, only the following individuals may be admitted:
(i) a party to the proceeding;
(ii) the adoptee;
(iii) a representative of an agency having custody of the adoptee;
(iv) in a hearing to relinquish parental rights, the individual whose rights are to be relinquished and invitees of that individual to provide emotional support;
(v) in a hearing on the termination of parental rights, the individual whose rights may be terminated;
(vi) in a hearing on a petition to intervene, the proposed intervenor;
(vii) in a hearing to finalize an adoption, invitees of the petitioner; and
(viii) other individuals for good cause, upon order of the court.
(2) An adoption document and any other documents filed in connection with a petition for adoption are sealed.
(3) The documents described in Subsection (2) may only be open to inspection and copying:
(a) in accordance with Subsection (5)(a), by a party to the adoption proceeding:
(i) while the proceeding is pending; or
(ii) within six months after the day on which the adoption decree is entered;
(b) subject to Subsection (5)(b), if a court enters an order permitting access to the documents by a person who has appealed the denial of that person’s motion to intervene;
(c) upon order of the court expressly permitting inspection or copying, after good cause has been shown;
(d) as provided under Section 78B-6-144;
(e) when the adoption document becomes public on the one hundredth anniversary of the date the final decree of adoption was entered;
(f) when the birth certificate becomes public on the one hundredth anniversary of the date of birth;
(g) to a mature adoptee or a parent who adopted the mature adoptee, without a court order, unless the final decree of adoption is entered by the juvenile court under Subsection 78B-6-115(3)(b); or
(h) to an adult adoptee, to the extent permitted under Subsection (4).
(4)(a) An adult adoptee that was born in the state may access an adoption document associated with the adult adoptee’s adoption without a court order:
(i) to the extent that a birth parent consents under Subsection (4)(b); or
(ii) if the birth parents listed on the original birth certificate are deceased.
(b) A birth parent may:
(i) provide consent to allow the access described in Subsection (4)(a) by electing, electronically or on a written form provided by the office, allowing the birth parent to elect to:
(A) allow the office to provide the adult adoptee with the contact information of the birth parent that the birth parent indicates;
(B) allow the office to provide the adult adoptee with the contact information of an intermediary that the birth parent indicates;
(C) prohibit the office from providing any contact information to the adult adoptee;
(D) allow the office to provide the adult adoptee with a noncertified copy of the original birth certificate; and
(ii) at any time, file, electronically or on a written document with the office, to:
(A) change the election described in Subsection (4)(b); or
(B) elect to make other information about the birth parent, including an updated medical history, available for inspection by an adult adoptee.
(c) A birth parent may not access any identifying information or an adoption document under this Subsection (4).
(d) If two birth parents are listed on the original birth certificate and only one birth parent consents under Subsection (4)(b) or is deceased, the office may redact the name of the other birth parent.
(5)(a) A person who files a motion to intervene in an adoption proceeding:
(i) is not a party to the adoption proceeding, unless the motion to intervene is granted; and
(ii) may not be granted access to the documents described in Subsection (2), unless the motion to intervene is granted.
(b) An order described in Subsection (3)(b) shall:
(i) prohibit the person described in Subsection (3)(b) from inspecting a document described in Subsection (2) that contains identifying information of the adoptive or prospective adoptive parent; and
(ii) permit the person described in Subsection (5)(b)(i) to review a copy of a document described in Subsection (5)(b)(i) after the identifying information described in Subsection (5)(b)(i) is redacted from the document.
78B-6-143. Nonidentifying health history of adoptee filed with office — Limited availability
(1)(a) Upon finalization of an adoption in this state, the person who proceeded on behalf of the petitioner for adoption, or a child-placing agency if an agency is involved in the adoption, shall file a report with the office, in the form established by the office.
(b) The report described in Subsection (1)(a) shall include a detailed health history, and a genetic and social history of the adoptee.
(2) The report described in Subsection (1)(a) may not contain identifying information or any information that identifies the adoptee’s birth parents or members of their families.
(3) When the report described in Subsection (1)(a) is filed, a duplicate report shall be provided to the adoptive parents.
(4) The report described in Subsection (1)(a) shall only be available upon request, and upon presentation of positive identification, to the following persons:
(a) the adoptive parents;
(b) in the event of the death of the adoptive parents, the adoptee’s legal guardian;
(c) the adoptee;
(d) in the event of the death of the adoptee, the adoptee’s spouse, if the spouse is the parent or guardian of the adoptee’s child;
(e) the adoptee’s child or descendant;
(f) the adoptee’s birth parent; and
(g) the adoptee’s adult sibling.
(5) No identifying information or information that identifies a birth parent or the birth parent’s family may be disclosed under this section.
(6) The actual cost of providing information under this section shall be paid by the person requesting the information.
(7) A child-placing agency may provide a copy of the report described in Subsection (1)(a) and information in the child-placing agency’s files, except identifying information, to an adult adoptee, a birth parent, or an adoptive parent.
(8) Notwithstanding Subsection (7), identifying information may be released to the extent that the individual who is the subject of the information provides written authorization of the information’s release.
78B-6-144. Mutual-consent, voluntary adoption registry — Procedures — Fees
(1) The office shall establish a mutual-consent, voluntary adoption registry.
(a) An adult adoptee or a birth parent of an adult adoptee, upon presentation of positive identification, may request identifying information from the office, in the form established by the office. A court of competent jurisdiction or a child-placing agency may accept that request from the adult adoptee or birth parent, in the form provided by the office, and transfer that request to the office. The adult adoptee or birth parent is responsible for notifying the office of any change in information contained in the request.
(b) Except as otherwise provided in this part, the office may only release identifying information to an adult adoptee or birth parent when it receives requests from both the adoptee and the adoptee’s birth parent.
(c) After matching the request of an adult adoptee with that of at least one of the adoptee’s birth parents, the office shall notify both the adult adoptee and the birth parent that the requests have been matched, and disclose the identifying information to those parties. However, if that adult adoptee has a sibling of the same birth parent who is under the age of 18 years, and who was raised in the same family setting as the adult adoptee, the office may not disclose the requested identifying information to that adult adoptee or the adoptee’s birth parent.
(2)(a) Adult adoptees and adult siblings of adult adoptees, upon presentation of positive identification, may request identifying information from the office, in the form established by the office. A court of competent jurisdiction or a child-placing agency may accept that request from the adult adoptee or adult sibling, in the form provided by the office, and transfer that request to the office. The adult adoptee or adult sibling is responsible for notifying the office of any change in information contained in the request.
(b) The office may only release identifying information to an adult adoptee or adult sibling when it receives requests from both the adult adoptee and the adult adoptee’s adult sibling.
(c) After matching the request of an adult adoptee with that of the adoptee’s adult sibling, if the office determines that the office has sufficient information to make that match, the office shall notify both the adult adoptee and the adult sibling that the requests have been matched, and disclose the identifying information to those parties.
(d) After receiving a request for information from an adult adoptee and a birth parent under this section, the office shall:
(i) search the office’s vital records for the adult adoptee’s birth parent; and
(ii) if the search described in Subsection (2)(d)(i) reveals that the birth parent who had requested information under this section is dead, inform the adult adoptee that the birth parent is dead and disclose the identity of the birth parent.
(e) The office shall attempt to notify an individual who requests information under this section:
(i) of the results of the initial search for a match; and
(ii) if the initial search does not produce a match, that the office will keep the request on file and will attempt to notify the individual in the event of a match.
(3) Information registered with the office under this section is available only to a registered adult adoptee and the adoptee’s registered birth parent or registered adult sibling, under the terms of this section.
(4) Except as provided in Section 78B-6-141, the office may not disclose information regarding a birth parent who has not registered a request with the office.
(5) Nothing in this section limits the disclosure of information in accordance with Section 78B-6-141.
78B-6-144.5. Adoption records fees
(1)(a) The office shall, in accordance with Section 63J-1-504, establish a fee to be paid by an individual who requests information or other services under Section 78B-6-141 or Section 78B-6-144, and to cover the costs related to providing the information, services, and improvements described in Subsection (2).
(b) The office may accept donations or grants from public or private entities to cover the costs related to providing the information, services, and improvements described in Subsection (2).
(2) The office shall deposit fees and donations collected under Subsection (1) into the General Fund as dedicated credits and may be used only to:
(a) fund, automate, and improve the provision of services described in Sections 78B-6-141 and 78B-6-144; or
(b) implement means of maximizing potential matches for the services described in Sections 78B-6-141 and 78B-6-144, including the use of broad search terms and methods.
78B-6-145. Restrictions on disclosure of information — Violations — Penalty
(1) Information maintained or filed with the office under this chapter may not be disclosed except as provided by this chapter, or pursuant to a court order.
(2) Any person who discloses information obtained from the office’s voluntary adoption registry in violation of this part, or knowingly allows that information to be disclosed in violation of this chapter is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
Utah Law: Adoption Generally
Relevant parts of Utah adoption law. The entire Utah adoption statute is available here.
78B-6-102. Legislative intent and findings — Best interest of child — Interests of each party
(1) It is the intent and desire of the Legislature that in every adoption the best interest of the child should govern and be of foremost concern in the court’s determination.
(2) The court shall make a specific finding regarding the best interest of the child, taking into consideration information provided to the court pursuant to the requirements of this chapter relating to the health, safety, and welfare of the child and the moral climate of the potential adoptive placement.
(3) The Legislature finds that the rights and interests of all parties affected by an adoption proceeding must be considered and balanced in determining what constitutional protections and processes are necessary and appropriate.
(4) The Legislature specifically finds that it is not in a child’s best interest to be adopted by a person or persons who are cohabiting in a relationship that is not a legally valid and binding marriage under the laws of this state. Nothing in this section limits or prohibits the court’s placement of a child with a single adult who is not cohabiting or a person who is a relative of the child or a recognized placement under the Indian Child Welfare Act, 25 U.S.C. Sec. 1901 et seq.
(5) The Legislature also finds that:
(a) the state has a compelling interest in providing stable and permanent homes for adoptive children in a prompt manner, in preventing the disruption of adoptive placements, and in holding parents accountable for meeting the needs of children;
(b) an unmarried mother, faced with the responsibility of making crucial decisions about the future of a newborn child, is entitled to privacy, and has the right to make timely and appropriate decisions regarding her future and the future of the child, and is entitled to assurance regarding the permanence of an adoptive placement;
(c) adoptive children have a right to permanence and stability in adoptive placements;
(d) adoptive parents have a constitutionally protected liberty and privacy interest in retaining custody of an adopted child;
(e) an unmarried biological father has an inchoate interest that acquires constitutional protection only when he demonstrates a timely and full commitment to the responsibilities of parenthood, both during pregnancy and upon the child’s birth; and
(f) the state has a compelling interest in requiring unmarried biological fathers to demonstrate commitment by providing appropriate medical care and financial support and by establishing legal paternity, in accordance with the requirements of this chapter.
(6)(a) In enacting this chapter, the Legislature has prescribed the conditions for determining whether an unmarried biological father’s action is sufficiently prompt and substantial to require constitutional protection.
(b) If an unmarried biological father fails to grasp the opportunities to establish a relationship with his child that are available to him, his biological parental interest may be lost entirely, or greatly diminished in constitutional significance by his failure to timely exercise it, or by his failure to strictly comply with the available legal steps to substantiate it.
(c) A certain degree of finality is necessary in order to facilitate the state’s compelling interest. The Legislature finds that the interests of the state, the mother, the child, and the adoptive parents described in this section outweigh the interest of an unmarried biological father who does not timely grasp the opportunity to establish and demonstrate a relationship with his child in accordance with the requirements of this chapter.
(d) The Legislature finds no practical way to remove all risk of fraud or misrepresentation in adoption proceedings, and has provided a method for absolute protection of an unmarried biological father’s rights by compliance with the provisions of this chapter. In balancing the rights and interests of the state, and of all parties affected by fraud, specifically the child, the adoptive parents, and the unmarried biological father, the Legislature has determined that the unmarried biological father is in the best position to prevent or ameliorate the effects of fraud and that, therefore, the burden of fraud shall be borne by him.
(e) An unmarried biological father has the primary responsibility to protect his rights.
(f) An unmarried biological father is presumed to know that the child may be adopted without his consent unless he strictly complies with the provisions of this chapter, manifests a prompt and full commitment to his parental responsibilities, and establishes paternity.
(7) The Legislature finds that an unmarried mother has a right of privacy with regard to her pregnancy and adoption plan, and therefore has no legal obligation to disclose the identity of an unmarried biological father prior to or during an adoption proceeding, and has no obligation to volunteer information to the court with respect to the father.
78B-6-108. Alien child — Evidence of lawful admission to United States required
(1) As used in this section, “alien child” means a child under 16 years of age who is not considered a citizen or national of the United States by the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service.
(2) Any person adopting an alien child shall file with the petition for adoption written evidence from the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service that the child was inspected and:
(a) admitted into the United States for permanent residence;
(b) admitted into the United States temporarily in one of the lawful nonimmigrant categories specified in 8 U.S.C. Section 1101(a)(15); or
(c) paroled into the United States pursuant to 8 U.S.C. Section 1182(d)(5).
(3) The 1992 amendments to this section are retroactive to September 1, 1984. Any adoption decree entered after September 1, 1984, is considered valid if the requirements of Subsection (2), as amended, were met.
78B-6-118. Relative ages
A person adopting a child must be at least 10 years older than the child adopted, unless the petitioners for adoption are a married couple, one of which is at least 10 years older than the child.
78B-6-120. Necessary consent to adoption or relinquishment for adoption
(1) Except as provided in Subsection (2), consent to adoption of a child, or relinquishment of a child for adoption, is required from:
(a) the adoptee, if the adoptee is more than 12 years of age, unless the adoptee does not have the mental capacity to consent;
(b) a man or woman who:
(i) by operation of law under Section 78B-15-204, is recognized as the father or mother of the proposed adoptee, unless:
(A) the presumption is rebutted under Section 78B-15-607; or
(B) the man or woman was not married to the mother of the proposed adoptee until after the mother consented to adoption, or relinquishment for adoption, of the proposed adoptee; or
(ii) is the father of the adoptee by a previous legal adoption;
(c) the mother of the adoptee;
(d) a biological parent who has been adjudicated to be the child’s biological father by a court of competent jurisdiction prior to the mother’s execution of consent to adoption or her relinquishment of the child for adoption;
(e) consistent with Subsection (3), a biological parent who has executed and filed a voluntary declaration of paternity with the state registrar of vital statistics within the Department of Health in accordance with Title 78B, Chapter 15, Utah Uniform Parentage Act, prior to the mother’s execution of consent to adoption or her relinquishment of the child for adoption;
(f) an unmarried biological father, of an adoptee, whose consent is not required under Subsection (1)(d) or (1)(e), only if he fully and strictly complies with the requirements of Sections 78B-6-121 and 78B-6-122; and
(g) the person or agency to whom an adoptee has been relinquished and that is placing the child for adoption.
(2)(a) The consent of a person described in Subsections (1)(b) through (g) is not required if the adoptee is 18 years of age or older.
(b) The consent of a person described in Subsections (1)(b) through (f) is not required if the person’s parental rights relating to the adoptee have been terminated.
(3) For purposes of Subsection (1)(e), a voluntary declaration of paternity is considered filed when it is entered into a database that:
(a) can be accessed by the Department of Health; and
(b) is designated by the state registrar of vital statistics as the official database for voluntary declarations of paternity.
78B-6-123. Power of a minor to consent or relinquish
(1) A minor parent has the power to:
(a) consent to the adoption of the minor’s child; and
(b) relinquish the minor’s control or custody of the child for adoption.
(2) The consent or relinquishment described in Subsection (1) is valid and has the same force and effect as a consent or relinquishment executed by an adult parent.
(3) A minor parent, having executed a consent or relinquishment, cannot revoke that consent upon reaching the age of majority or otherwise becoming emancipated.
78B-6-125. Time period prior to birth mother’s consent
(1) A birth mother may not consent to the adoption of her child or relinquish control or custody of her child until at least 24 hours after the birth of her child.
(2) The consent or relinquishment of any other person as required by Sections 78B-6-120 and 78B-6-121 may be executed at any time, including prior to the birth of the child.
78B-6-126. When consent or relinquishment effective
A consent or relinquishment is effective when it is signed and may not be revoked.
78B-6-139. Name and status of adopted child
When a final decree of adoption is entered under Section 78B-6-137, a child may take the family name of the adoptive parent or parents. After that decree of adoption is entered, the adoptive parent or parents and the child shall sustain the legal relationship of parent and child, and have all the rights and be subject to all the duties of that relationship.
78B-6-142. Adoption order from foreign country
(1) Except as otherwise provided by federal law, an adoption order rendered to a resident of this state that is made by a foreign country shall be recognized by the courts of this state and enforced as if the order were rendered by a court in this state.
(2) A person who adopts a child in a foreign country may register the order in this state. A petition for registration of a foreign adoption order may be combined with a petition for a name change. If the court finds that the foreign adoption order meets the requirements of Subsection (1), the court shall order the state registrar to:
(a) file the order pursuant to Section 78B-6-137; and
(b) file a certificate of birth for the child pursuant to Section 26-2-28.
(3) If a clerk of the court is unable to establish the fact, time, and place of birth from the documentation provided, a person holding a direct, tangible, and legitimate interest as described in Subsection 26-2-22(3)(a) or (b) may petition for a court order establishing the fact, time, and place of a birth pursuant to Subsection 26-2-15(1).
Utah Law: Adult Adoption
78B-6-115. Who may adopt — Adoption of adult
(1) As used in this section, “vulnerable adult” means:
(a) an individual who is 65 years old or older; or
(b) an adult who is 18 years old or older, and who has a mental or physical impairment that substantially affects that adult’s ability to:
(i) provide personal protection;
(ii) provide necessities such as food, shelter, clothing, or medical or other health care;
(iii) obtain services necessary for health, safety, or welfare;
(iv) carry out the activities of daily living;
(v) manage the adult’s own resources; or
(vi) comprehend the nature and consequences of remaining in a situation of abuse, neglect, or exploitation.
(2) Subject to this section and Section 78B-6-117, any adult may be adopted by another adult.
(3) The following provisions of this part apply to the adoption of an adult just as though the individual being adopted were a minor:
(i) Section 78B-6-108;
(ii) Section 78B-6-114;
(iii) Section 78B-6-116;
(iv) Section 78B-6-118;
(v) Section 78B-6-124;
(vi) Section 78B-6-136;
(vii) Section 78B-6-137;
(viii) Section 78B-6-138;
(ix) Section 78B-6-139;
(x) Section 78B-6-141; and
(xi) Section 78B-6-142;
(b) Subsections 78B-6-105(1)(a), (1)(b)(i), (1)(b)(ii), (2), and (7), except that the juvenile court does not have jurisdiction over a proceeding for adoption of an adult, unless the adoption arises from a case where the juvenile court has continuing jurisdiction over the mature adoptee; and
(c) if the mature adoptee is a vulnerable adult, Sections 78B-6-128 through 78B-6-131, regardless of whether the mature adoptee resides, or will reside, with the adopters, unless the court, based on a finding of good cause, waives the requirements of those sections.
(4) Before a court enters a final decree of adoption of a mature adoptee, the mature adoptee and the prospective adoptive parent or parents shall appear before the court presiding over the adoption proceeding and execute consent to the adoption.
(5) No provision of this part, other than those listed or described in this section or Section 78B-6-117, apply to the adoption of an adult.
78B-6-116. Notice and consent for adoption of an adult
(1)(a) Consent to the adoption of an adult is required from:
(i) the mature adoptee;
(ii) any person who is adopting the adult;
(iii) the spouse of a person adopting the adult; and
(iv) any legally appointed guardian or custodian of the adult adoptee.
(b) No person, other than a person described in Subsection (1)(a), may consent, or withhold consent, to the adoption of an adult.
(2)(a) Except as provided in Subsection (2)(b), notice of a proceeding for the adoption of an adult shall be served on each person described in Subsection (1)(a) and the spouse of the mature adoptee.
(b) The notice described in Subsection (2)(a) may be waived, in writing, by the person entitled to receive notice.
(3) The notice described in Subsection (2):
(a) shall be served at least 30 days before the day on which the adoption is finalized;
(b) shall specifically state that the person served must respond to the petition within 30 days of service if the person intends to intervene in the adoption proceeding;
(c) shall state the name of the person to be adopted;
(d) may not state the name of a person adopting the mature adoptee, unless the person consents, in writing, to disclosure of the person’s name;
(e) with regard to a person described in Subsection (1)(a):
(i) except as provided in Subsection (2)(b), shall be in accordance with the provisions of the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure; and
(ii) may not be made by publication; and
(f) with regard to the spouse of the mature adoptee, may be made:
(i) in accordance with the provisions of the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure;
(ii) by certified mail, return receipt requested; or
(iii) by publication, posting, or other means if:
(A) the service described in Subsection (3)(f)(ii) cannot be completed after two attempts; and
(B) the court issues an order providing for service by publication, posting, or other means.
(4) Proof of service of the notice on each person to whom notice is required by this section shall be filed with the court before the adoption is finalized.
(5)(a) Any person who is served with notice of a proceeding for the adoption of an adult and who wishes to intervene in the adoption shall file a motion in the adoption proceeding:
(i) within 30 days after the day on which the person is served with notice of the adoption proceeding;
(ii) that sets forth the specific relief sought; and
(iii) that is accompanied by a memorandum specifying the factual and legal grounds upon which the motion is made.
(b) A person who fails to file the motion described in Subsection (5)(a) within the time described in Subsection (5)(a)(i):
(i) waives any right to further notice of the adoption proceeding; and
(ii) is barred from intervening in, or bringing or maintaining any action challenging, the adoption proceeding.
(6) Except as provided in Subsection (7), after a court enters a final decree of adoption of an adult, the mature adoptee shall:
(a) serve notice of the finalization of the adoption, pursuant to the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure, on each person who was a legal parent of the adult adoptee before the final decree of adoption described in this Subsection (6) was entered; and
(b) file with the court proof of service of the notice described in Subsection (6)(a).
(7) A court may, based on a finding of good cause, waive the notification requirement described in Subsection (6).